RECITATION OF TAKBEER-E-TASHREEQ
Q. When Takbeer-e-Tashreeq should be recited and who should recite it?
A. Takbeer-e-Tashreeq ‘Allahu Akbar Allaahu Akbar, Laa ilaaha illallaahu Wallaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar Walillaahil hamd’ should be recited after each Fardh Salah from the Fajr of 9 to the Asr of Zulhijjah 13. The recitation of the Takbeer is Wajib on every sane and adult Muslim, male and female, Muqeem and Musafir.
DEFINITION OF QURBAANI
Q. What is Qurbaani?
A. Qurbaani or Udhiyah is to slaughter an animal on the days of Qurbaani in order to emulate the example of Ibraheem عليه السلام and accomplish the injunction of Allaah سبحانه وتعالى. Allaah سبحانه وتعالى says:
“So turn in prayer towards your Lord and sacrifice (animals)”. (Suratul Kausar: 108/2)
ON WHOM QURBAANI IS WAJIB
Q. Who is entitled to perform Qurbaani?
A. Qurbaani is Waajib on every sane, adult and Muqeem Muslim who possesses the Nisaab-gold 7.5 Tolas=87.48 grams, silver 52.5 Tolas=612.36 grams or wealth equivalent to that value in cash or in any form even if it is clothes, furniture etc free from his/her initial needs and debt during the Days of Qurbaani. It is not necessary to possess the same for a complete lunar year. Every adult remember of the family who possess the Nisaab during the days of Qurbaani must perform his/her own Qurbaani separately. Therefore, Qurbaani made by a husband for himself will not be sufficient for the wife nor is the Qurbaani performed by father enough for the sons and daughters.
CUTTING NAILS AND HAIR BEFORE MAKING QURBAANI
Q. Is it permitted to cut nails and hair before one makes Qurbaani?
A. Qurbaani is a sacrifice of soul and hence each part of Qurbaani animal is in lieu of each part of the man making Qurbaani. Therefore, it is Mustahaab-desirable for the one who intends to make Qurbaani to not cut hair and clip nails from the 1st of Zulhijjah till he performs Qurbaani provided that forty days have not passed.
DAYS OF QURBAANI
Q. Which days are known as the Days of Qurbaani?
A. The following days are called the Days of Qurbaani:
Tenth, Eleventh and the Twelfth of Zulhijjaha, the last month of Islamic calendar. The first day is better than the second and the second is better than the third.
TIME FOR QURBAANI
Q. When does the time for Qurbaani commence?
A. The time for Qurbaani commences after the Eid Salaah on the 10th of Zulhijjah in the areas where Eid and Jumu’ah Salaah are performed and terminates just before the sunset of 12th Zulhijjah. Therefore, it is not permitted in towns and cities to perform Qurbaani before the Eid Salaah, and if offered then it must be repeated after the Salaah.
DONATING AMOUNT OF QURBAANI
Q. Is it permitted for a person liable for Qurbaani to give the amount in charity instead of performing Qurbaan during its days?
A. It is not permissible for a person who is liable for Qurbaani to give the amount in charity. Such person must perform Qurbaani during the specific time. Qurbaani can not be compensated by charity nor will it be accomplished.
QURBAANI NOT PERFORMED IN ITS DAYS
Q. what is the ruling concerning a person on whom Qurbaani is Waajid but fails to perform it during the specific days?
A. If the person has bought an animal for the Qurbaani and could not perform it during the specific days then he should give the animal in charity alive. But if he has not purchase the animal then he should give the value of a goat or sheep in charity.
SENDING OUT ONE THIRD OF QURBAANI
Q. My friends and I run a non-profit charity organization called PROBASY raising money for the poor in Bangladesh. We organize Qurbaani for people in Sydney, Australia every year. Here in Australia animal slaughter is not permitted in homes so a butcher and his men have to slaughter the animal in a far away farm. The people wishing to do Qurbaani sign up with us and pay us the money for their Qurbaani and we place the orders with the butcher. We give the butcher the money for the two thirds and one third meat and we send the money for the one third of meat to Bangladesh because the raw meat cannot be sent directly to Bangladesh. I understand that Qurbaani meat cannot be sold, however, what we are doing is this wrong as we aren’t selling the meat for our profits but rather instead of sending meat to the poor we are sending the money of that one third?
A. The detail stated in the question shows that you are giving the butcher the amount of two thirds of one share and not the money of one full share. If this is the case then the share of one person will be less than one seventh when a big animal is sacrificed on behalf of seven people. If a small animal is sacrificed on behalf of a person and full amount of that animal is not paid to the butcher but two third is paid then the money of one full share is not paid, because sheep and goats count as one share per animal. In the both cases the Qurbani will not be valid.
Therefore, if you want to help people in Bangladash then organize Qurbaani there as well.
SENDING OUT QURBAANI
Q. Is it allowed to send Qurbaani out?
A. Is allowed but one will be deprived of the great rewards of sacrificing the animal with his own hands and partaking its meat. Therefore, one should make at least one Qurbaani at his home in order to get the rewards.
QUBAANI ON BEHALF OF OTHER
Q. Is it permissible to perform an obligatory Qubaani on behalf of someone who is not present?
A. Performing Qurbaani on behalf of someone is not permitted without the consent of that individual. Therefore, if one share of a big animal is on behalf of an individual who has not asked for it, the Qurbaani of all is invalid.
QURBAANI OF BEHALF OF DECEASED
Is it allowed to make Qurbaani of behalf of the deceased?
A. It is not only allowed but also recommended for the one who is favoured by wealth to make Qurbaani on behalf the beloved Nabeeﷺ, Sahaabah, deceased parents and relatives.
Q. Which animals can be slaughtered for Qurbaani?
A. animals like cow, bull, buffalo, goat and all types of sheep and camel may be slaughtered for Qurbaani. No other animal is allowed to be slaughtered for Qurbaani.
QUALIFIED ANIMALS FOR QURBAANI
Q. What types of animals are qualified for Qurbaani?
A. The following animals are qualified for Qurbaani:
Ø One or more than one year old goat and she-goat
Ø One or more than one year old sheep of all types. But if a sheep of six months appears to be one year old, it will be eligible for Qurbaani.
Ø Two or more than two year-old cow, bull and buffalo
Ø Five or more than five year-old camel
DISQUALIFIED ANIMALS FOR QURBAANI
Q. What kinds of animals are disqualified for Qurbaani?
A. The following animals are ineligible for Qurbaani:
Ø Blind animal.
Ø One-eyed animal.
Ø Animal that lost one third or more eyesight.
Ø Animal that has no ear by birth or lost one third.
Ø Animal that has one third or more tail cut off.
Ø Animal with horns broken off from the root.
Ø Animal with limb broken and uses only three legs for walking.
Ø Animal that has no teeth or lost the most.
Ø Animal that is lean enough.
Ø Animal that is too week to walk to the place of sacrifice on its own.
SACRIFICING PREGNANT ANIMAL
Q. What is the ruling of Islaamic Shariah concerning an animal that does not appear pregnant but after sacrificing a foetus is found in the belly? Is the sacrifice valid or should it be performed once again?
A. The sacrifice is valid and hence there is no deed to perform it once again. As for the foetus, if it is alive, it must also be slaughtered, and if dead then it is not permitted to eat from it.
METHOD OF PERFORMING QURBAANI
Q. What is the Sunnah method of performing Qurbaani?
A. The Sunnah method of performing Qurbaani is as follows:
Ø To use extreme sharp knife and slaughter the animal quickly and effectively.
Ø To not sharpen the knife in front of the animal.
Ø To not slaughter an animal in the presence of another.
Ø To intend getting the pleasure of Allaah سبحانه وتعالى by offering sacrifice and to slaughter animal reciting ‘Bismillahi Allahuakbar’ with one’s own hands, if one knows how to slaughter animals. Otherwise it is preferable to be present at the time of slaughtering.
Ø To not skin the slaughtered animal until the body turns cold.
SACRIFICING ANIMAL BESIDE QURBAANI
Q. Is sacrificing an animal beside the days of Qurbaani an act of worship?
A. Sacrificing an animal has always been a recommended form of worship in many previous religions. But in the Shariah of Muhammad this practice has been recognized as an act of Ibaadah only for Qurbaani and Aqiqah. Beside these two occasions, sacrifice of an animal is not recommended.
SELLING SKIN OF SACRIFICED ANIMAL
Q. Is it permitted to sell the skin of sacrificed animal?
A. It is not permitted to sell any part of the sacrificed animal. However, if the skin is soled, the amount must be given in charity to the Muslim poor eligible for Zakaat.
GIVING SKIN OF SACRIFICED ANIMAL TO BUTCHER
Q. What is the ruling of Islaamic Shariah on giving the skin of a sacrificed animal to the butcher as his wage?
A. No part of sacrificed animal can be sold or given to the butcher as his wage. (Hidayah, Kitabul Udhiyah)
QURBAANI MEAT TO NON-MUSLIMS
Q. Is it allowed to give Qurbaani to non-Muslims?
A. To help poor and needy people is the moral and religious responsibility of the rich. The Glorious Qur’an says, “…And do good to others as Allah has done good to you, and do not try to spread corruption in the land. Surely, Allaah does not like corrupters.” (Suratul-Qasas 28: 77)
There are many poor and needy people in Muslim community, and they should be favoured. Therefore, Qurbaani meat should be given to poor Muslims. Thought it is permissible to give such meat to a non-Muslim poor, is not better without any reason.