Salaam , i have a question brother about a group-school called Athariyya-Atharis-Athari i cant find much english material about them are they an accepted sunni school and how are they different then the maturidi/nasafi/ashari schools
All the laws and teachings of Islam can be divided into two categories: (1) Ahkam (teaching related to practice such as Salah, Sawm and so on) (2) Aqueeda (teachings related to beliefs and faiths). There is a series of sect in Muslim community with different names. None of them follows the path of Prophet and his companions except Ahle Sunnah Wal-Jama’ah. The Prophet of Islam is reported as having said, “My people will break into seventy three groups. All of them will go to the hell except one. The companions asked, “O, Messenger of Allah! Who are those people? He replied, “The group follows me and my companions”.
There are four school of thoughts in Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama’ah in Ahkamaat: Hanfiah, Shafiah, Malikiah and Hambaliah. And two in Aqueedah: Ash’aree and Maturidy. Maturidy is named after Shaikh Abu Monsoor Maturidy who was a Hanfi while Ash’aree was named after Shaikh Abul Hasan who was a Shafee. Therefore, most of Hanfee Ulama are Maturidee and Shafee are Asharee in Aqueeda. (Sharhe Aqaayid)
All the Ulama unanimously have agreed that all the above-described schools are ‘Haq’.
As regard to Athariyya, it is derived from the word Athar which means narration. Ulamaa have not considered them from Ahlussunnah.
The difference between the methodology of Athariyyah and Alhussunnah is that the Athariayyah believe in Allaah and His attributes in the manner mentioned in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah without making any interpretation. Yaad, for instance, they believe that Allaah has Yaad-hand with its literal meaning but not like of humanbeing whereas Ahle Sunnah Wal Jamah and Salfe Saliheen sometime interpret the attributes of Allah almighty so that these characters do not resemble to the characters of mankind. For Allah is beyond the attributes of human beings and their description. Allah himself says in the Glorious Qur’aan, “He has no likeness.” Ibne Umar (RA) is reported to have said, “Allah is beyond the attributes of human beings and He can never be interpreted with the attributes of human.