Is Athariyyah from Ahlussunnah

Salaam , i have a question brother about a group-school called Athariyya-Atharis-Athari i cant find much english material about them are they an accepted sunni school and how are they different then the maturidi/nasafi/ashari schools
وعليكم السلام
باسمه تعالى
All the laws and teachings of Islam can be divided into two categories: (1) Ahkam (teaching related to practice such as Salah, Sawm and so on) (2) Aqueeda (teachings related to beliefs and faiths). There is a series of sect in Muslim community with different names. None of them follows the path of Prophet and his companions except Ahle Sunnah Wal-Jama’ah. The Prophet of Islam is reported as having said, “My people will break into seventy three groups. All of them will go to the hell except one. The companions asked, “O, Messenger of Allah! Who are those people? He replied, “The group follows me and my companions”.

There are four school of thoughts in Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama’ah in Ahkamaat: Hanfiah, Shafiah, Malikiah and Hambaliah. And two in Aqueedah: Ash’aree and Maturidy. Maturidy is named after Shaikh Abu Monsoor Maturidy who was a Hanfi while Ash’aree was named after Shaikh Abul Hasan who was a Shafee. Therefore, most of Hanfee Ulama are Maturidee and Shafee are Asharee in Aqueeda. (Sharhe Aqaayid)

All the Ulama unanimously have agreed that all the above-described schools are ‘Haq’.

As regard to Athariyya, it is derived from the word Athar which means narration. Ulamaa have not considered them from Ahlussunnah.

The difference between the methodology of Athariyyah and Alhussunnah is that the Athariayyah believe in Allaah and His attributes in the manner mentioned in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah without making any interpretation. Yaad, for instance, they believe that Allaah has Yaad-hand with its literal meaning but not like of humanbeing whereas Ahle Sunnah Wal Jamah and Salfe Saliheen sometime interpret the attributes of Allah almighty so that these characters do not resemble to the characters of mankind. For Allah is beyond the attributes of human beings and their description. Allah himself says in the Glorious Qur’aan, “He has no likeness.” Ibne Umar (RA) is reported to have said, “Allah is beyond the attributes of human beings and He can never be interpreted with the attributes of human.


2 thoughts on “Is Athariyyah from Ahlussunnah

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  1. Assalamualaikum wr wb, can you please give authentic proof from the glorious Qur’aan and the Authentic Ahadeeth for the so called 4 mazaheb about whome you have mentioned being on haqq?did Allah subhananahu wa t’aala mention them in his Book or did the Prophet sallallahu alaihe wa sallam say anything about these self made mazaeb as being on haq and that one should follow them regardless of their contradictions to Qur’aan and authentic Sunnah??.jazakAllah khayran
    وعليكم السلام
    باسمه تعالى
    Dear Brother in Islaam, Taqleed is proved by all the four sources of Shariah; Qur’aa, Sunnah, Ijma’h and Qiyaas. The proofs can bee seen in the links provided below. Besides, following an Imaam is not a way of rejecting Sunnah rather it is a way of adhering to the Qur’aan, Sunnah, Ijma’h and Qiaas. Not to follow an Imaam is a means of rejecting Qur’aan and Sunnah and following and worshiping one’s own desire. “HAVE YOU SEEN HIM WHO TAKES HIS OWN LUST AS HIS GOD AND ALLAAH, LEFT HIM ASTRAY WITH KNOWLEDGE, AND SEALED HIS HEARING AND HIS HEART, AND PUT A COVER ON HIS SIGHT. WHO THEN WILL GUIDE HIM AFTER ALLAAH WILL YOU NOT THEN REMEMBER.” (SURAH AL-JATHIYH 45:23)

  2. Asslamo Allaikum,

    You have excluded Atharees from Ahlus-Sunnah Wal Jamaah fro some reason? Why is that?

    Surely Imam Ahmed Ibn Hanbal (RA) was neither Asharee nor Maturidi? Is he outside of Ahlus-Sunnah Wal Jamaah?

    And if he wasn’t then which group of Aqeedah did he belong to?

    Jazakullah Khairun
    وعليكم السلام
    باسمه تعالى
    The reason for excluding Atharees from Ahlus-Sunnah Wal-Jama’ah has been explained in the earlier post. As for the Aqidah of Imaam Ahmad Bin Hambalرحمه الله تعالى , it is against the Aqidah of Mujassimah and of those who interpret the attributes of Allaah with human attributes and description. His Aqidah is that of the Aqidah of Ahlussunnah Wal-Jama’ah and it is similar to that of the Aqidah Abul Hasan Al-Ash-A’aree رحمه الله تعالىas stated by Al-Subukiرحمه الله تعالى in Tabaqaat Ash-Shafi’yyah.

    Therefore, Imaam Ahmad رحمه الله تعالى is the integral part of Ahlussunah and his Aqidah and the Aqidah of Asha’ariyyah is same.
    والله اعلم

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