Salamu Alaikum Shaikh , why do the Ahnaaf Hanafi say that Lobsters/Shrimps are Haraam ,
Allah says in the Quran :“Lawful to you is (the pursuit of) water-game and its use for food…” [al-Maa’idah 2:96 – interpretation of the meaning].
could you explain this
The Aayah you referred to is speaking of the things permitted during the Ihraam condition. The pursuit of water-game is permitted for a Muhrim. It will not necessitate any penalty for him. On the other hand, Allaah Almighty is pure and He accepts that which is pure. He enjoins believers to eat pure which He has provided for them. The Lofty Qur’an says, “O, believers! Eat of the good foods that We have provided for you. And be grateful to Allah, if indeed you worship Him.” (Suratul Baqarah 2 V: 172)
According to the Hanfi School of thought, all the living beings of see are Haraam-unlawful except fish which is referred to the Aayah you quoted ‘its use for food’. The Nabee of Allaah ﷺis reported to have said, “Two dead animals and two bloods are permissible for us. The dead animals are fish and locust. As far as bloods are concerned, they are liver and spleen”.
Those who have authentic proof of regarding them as fish they can eat them while biologists and Hanafi Ulama have different opinions about their being from the fish generation. The Nabee of Allaah is reported to have said, “Leave that which makes doubt for that which does not make any doubt”. (Tirmizi and Nasai)
Therefore, it advisable to avoid eating lobsters and shrimps.