LESSON OF TAQWAA ONCE IN A YEAR
During the month of Ramazaan, a man is sitting alone in a closed and dark room where nobody can see him. He feels extremely thirsty and there are all types of cold-drinks in his fridge. No one can see him if he drinks and quenches his thirst. But he tolerates the uncomfortable and distressful feeling of thirst obeying the command of Allaah Subhanahu Wa Ta’alaa and keeps himself away from drinks believing that Allaah Subhanahu Wa Ta’alaa is watching him. This is the quality which has been termed as Taqwaa in the Qur’aan and the Ahadith.
But man is governed by his desire and hardly can refrain himself from disobeying Allaah Subhanahu Wa Ta’alaa abiding by the commands and avoiding the prohibitions in every facet of life. The power of desire can be weakened by observing Sawm. Since Sawm purifies the soul and cleanses the body from ill behaviour. Rasulullah Sallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam is reported as having said, “O young people! Whoever amongst you can afford marriage, let him marry. Whoever cannot afford it, let him fast, for it will be a shield for him.
The quality, Taqwaa is a way out from every difficulty and a key to every comfort. Allaah Subhanahu Wa Ta’alaa says, “And whosoever has Taqwa of Allaah, He will make a way for him to get out. And He will provide him from where he never could imagine”.
The month of Ramazaan teaches believers the lesson of Taqwaa once in a year and urges them to preserve this quality throughout the year in every aspect of life. In address to the believers, Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’alaa states, “O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may acquire Taqwa”.
The more we appreciate this month the less it is! It is stated in a Hadith that Rasulullah Sallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam said, “Had my Ummah realized what Ramazaan really is, they would have wished that the whole year should be Ramazan.”
Those who realize the reality of the blessed month would not let even a moment go by without giving it the true importance it deserves
DEFINITION OF SAWM
Sawm is to stay away from eating, drinking, smoking and sex with the intention of fasting.
TIME OF SAWM
The whole day from early dawn up to the sunset.
There are some actions that break one’s fast. These actions are of two kinds; some make only Qazaa necessary while the others make both Qazaa and Kaffaarah compulsory.
QAZAA OF SAWM
It means to observe another Sawm in order to make up for the one that was broken.
KAFFARAH OF SAWM
Kaffarah of Sawm is to fast for two Islamic months or sixty days continuously. One who is unable to fast can perform any of the following:
Ø To feed sixty poor people for two meals
Ø To feed one poor two meals a day for sixty days
Ø To give each of the sixty poor a half Sa’a of wheat or its flour which is approximately 1.6kg or its equivalent in cash or kind.
Ø To give one poor a half Sa’a of wheat or its flour or its equivalent in cash for sixty days.
NOTE: It is not permitted to give one poor the food of sixty days or its price on one day.
FIDYAH FOR SAWM
The Fidyah for a Sawm is similar to that of Salaah. This is to feed a poor to his fill for two meals or give him approximately 1.6kg of wheat, its flour or its value in cash or kind.
MUSTAHAAB ACTS FOR FASTING PERSON
Ø To partake of Sehree
Ø To partake of Sehree during its last time
Ø To break Sawm just after sunset, especially when the sky is not cloudy
Ø To refrain from offensive talk
Ø To give Sadaqah and recite the Glorious Qur’aan as much as possible.
MAKROOH ACTS FOR FASTING PERSON
Ø To taste or chew something without any valid reason
Ø To chew food for child
Ø To kiss or embrace one’s wife when one fears ejaculation or intercourse
Ø To store up saliva in mouth and then swallow it
Ø To do such act which causes weakness like cupping or removing blood
Ø To use toothpaste or tooth powder, etc.
ACTS NOT MAKROOH FOR FASTING PERSON
Ø To kiss or embrace one’s wife when there is no fear of ejaculation or intercourse
Ø To apply oil to the moustaches
Ø To apply Surmah
Ø To get cupping or removal ofblood when it does not cause weakness
Ø To do Miswaak
Ø To gargle or cleanse nose with water beside that of Wuzoo
Ø To take a bath for entertainment
Ø To wrap oneself with wet clothes in order to feel cold.
FACTORS ALLOW LEAVING OFF SAWM
Ø Sickness. A sick person who fears that fasting may cause serious harm to him because of the past experience or prescription prescribed by a Muslim, just, religious and experienced doctor then such a sick person is permitted not to observe Sawm. Merely fear or the prescription of a non-Muslim or unreligious doctor is not enough to leave off the Sawm.
Ø Journey. A person who travels a distance of 77 km or more is permitted to leave off Sawm. But if the journey is comfortable then observing Sawm is better.
Ø Force. One who is forced to leave off the Sawm is permitted to leave it off.
Ø Pregnancy. A pregnant woman who fears that Sawm may cause serious harm to her ownself or to the fetus is permitted not to observe the Sawm.
Ø Breastfeeding. A breastfeeding woman who fears that fasting may cause serious harm to her own self or to the baby is permitted to leave off the Sawm.
Ø Hunger. One who feels extreme hunger in such a way that one feels one is going to die, is permitted to break the fast, and only Qazaa will be Wajib, if the condition was not self-created. Otherwise both Qazaa and Kaffaarah will be Wajib.
Ø Thirst. One who feels extreme thirsty that makes one feel that one is going to die then one is permitted to break the Sawm, and only Qazaa will be Wajib, if the condition was not self-created. Otherwise, both Qazaa and Kaffarah will be Wajib.
Ø Old age. One who is too old to fast is permitted to leave off the Sawm.
Ø Struggling. One who is struggling in the path of Allaah is permitted to leave off the Sawm.
The above-stated people besides a severe sick and very old person will have to perform the Qazaa of the Sawm as soon as they get a chance. However, if they get of the out the condition and die before performing the Qazaa then they have to make a will for the payment of Fidyah for the missed Sawm. But if they die before getting out of the condition they were in then they are not bound to make a will for the Fidyah of the missed Sawm.
As regard to a person who is too old to keep Sawm or too sick to hope for recovery is permitted not to observe Sawm and pay Fidyah.
THINGS DO NOT BREAK SAWM
Ø To eat, drink or have sex forgetting the fasting
Ø To ejaculate by looking at a woman or thing of her
Ø To get up in the state of Janabah and remain in the same condition even for the whole day. But it is recommended to haste to taking a bath for Janabah and prohibited to remain in the same condition for the whole day.
Ø To eat something which is stuck between the teeth and less than a grain in size
Ø To pick something up from out side, put it into the mouth and chew it, but it is so small that the taste is not felt or it doesn’t reach the throat
Ø A mosquito, fly or any other living being enters the mouth and goes down the throat unintentionally
Ø Dust and dirt does down the throat unwillingly
Ø To swallow mucus, better to remove it
Ø To swallow one’s own saliva
Ø Entry of smoke into the throat unintentionally
Ø To vomit even with a full mouth and then it goes back unwillingly
Ø To vomit intentionally less than a full mouth
Ø To take out blood from the body
Ø Blood flows from the nose
Ø To take a bath
Ø Water enters the ears during bathing or swimming
Ø To apply Surmah into the eyes even one feels its taste
Ø To apply medicine into the eyes
Ø To take injection
Ø To rub oil on the body or on the hair
Ø To brush the teeth with Miswaak
Ø To use toothpaste or tooth powder, etc.
Ø To use repeatedly the same twig to clean one’s ear
Ø To backbite, but this is a grave sin
Ø To intend to break the fast but not to break practically
SOME OF ACTIONS THAT BREAK SAWM & MAKE ONLY QAZAA WAJIB
Ø To eat, drink or have sex forgetting that one is fasting and thereafter thinking that the fast is broken, to eat, drink or have sex again intentionally
Ø To eat, drink or have sex after early dawn thinking that there is time to dawn or to break the fast before sunset due to a cloudy sky or a faulty watch and then to realize one’s fault
Ø To break fast by eating, drinking or having sex with force
Ø To eat something which is stuck between the teeth and of the size of a grain (horse gram)
Ø To abstain from eating, drinking and having sex without an intention
Ø To make the intention of observing Sawm during the day after eating forgetfully
Ø To eat after making the intention during the day
Ø To swallow something which is not taken generally as food, medicine or entertainment such as eating a large quantity of salt or uncooked rice at one go, iron, wood, small pieces of stone, soil and so on. But if a person is habitually eater of the above-mentioned articles then his Sawm is broken and both of the Qazaaa and Kaffaarah will be Wajib.
Ø To swallow the blood flows from gums when the colour of blood is equal or more than the saliva which is mixed with it
Ø Blood flows from gums and teeth and reaches the throat
Ø To swallow water during gargling, conscious of one’s fasting
Ø To vomit with a full mouth intentionally or to swallow it
Ø To drop water, oil or medicine into the ears
Ø The drop of water or ice enters one’s mouth and then goes down the throat unwillingly
Ø To apply medicine to the nose
Ø To break fast because of extreme thirst or hunger that makes one feel that one is going to die
Ø To break any fast other than that of Ramzaan
Ø To break fast intentionally and then fall ill or see (woman) menses on the same day
Ø A Muqeem (one who is not in journey) starts journey after Subh Assadiq and breaks the Sawm
Ø A Musafir (one who travels 77 km distance or more) intends to stay at a place for fifteen days and then breaks the Sawm
Ø To remain in the state of coma (unconscious) even for the whole month of Ramzaan, but one will not make the Qazaa of the day coma has started.
Ø To ejaculate by masturbating, kissing, embracing or touching a woman
Ø To apply medicine to the wound, stomach or brain and the medicine reaches the stomach or the brain
Ø To put cotton or wool inside the bum or put in a finger wet with water, oil or medicine
Ø To insert a finger wet with water, oil or medicine in one’s private part
Ø To use asthma pump in the case of necessity
Ø To inhale any medicine and its effect reaches the brain or stomach
Ø To inhale smoke conscious of one’s fast
THINGS THAT MAKE BOTH QAZA AND KAFFAARAH WAJIB
Ø To eat or drink something, which is generally taken as food, medicine or entertainment, intentionally without any valid reason
Ø To have sexual intercourse purposely
Ø To swallow the saliva of wife or girl-fried
Ø To eat or drink intentionally after backbiting, removing blood, applying oil to the moustaches, touching, kissing or embracing a woman without ejaculating, thinking that the Sawm has been broken
Ø To enjoy with French-kiss
Ø To eat a little salt
Ø To swallow purposely the drop of rain enters one’s mouth
Ø To swallow wheat or any food flour
Ø To pick up even a single grain of wheat, sesame-seed or similar things from outside the mouth and then swallow it
Ø To chew wheat and the wheat or its taste felt in the throat
OPPORTUNITY SELDOM KNOCKS TWICE
We miss lots of our relatives and friends who are no more amongst us and Allah alone knows that how many of us will be missed during the next Ramazaan. The occurrence of death is certain and nobody knows where and when the angle of death will meet him. Wise is one who always gets preparation before the time by taking advantage of the opportunities.
A golden opportunity namely Lailatul Qadr knocks at the doors of every believer during the last ten days of Ramazaan. It is narrated on the authority of Hazrat Aayeshah (RA) that when the last ten days of Ramazaan would come, the Rasool of Allah صلي الله عليه و سلم would spend night in Ibaadah, wake his family, exert himself and tighten his Izaar-waistcloth.
Lailatul Qadr is an odd night amongst the last ten days of the blessed month and is greater in spiritual value than a thousand months. Informing the significance of this night Allaah Subhanahu Wa Ta’aala says, “Lailatul Qadr is better than a thousand months”. Allaah Subhanahu Wa Ta’aala grants a believer who worships Him in this night the reward of the Ibaadah equivalent to the Ibaadah of eighty three years and four months and forgives his previous sins. The Rasool of Allaah صلي الله عليه و سلم is reported as to have said, “Whoever stands (in prayer) during the Night of Al-Qadr with faith and expecting reward (from Allah), will be forgiven for his previous sins”.
One who wants to prepare himself for the eternal life will consider the last ten days of Ramazaan as spring season for him. He will happily spend these days and nights in the Ibaadah secluding himself by sitting persistently at the door of his Creator to attain His pleasure and get the reward of the grand night. The man certainly will return home getting his wishes fulfilled from the treasure of his Creator who is the most Gracious and most Merciful.
The Rasool of Allaah صلي الله عليه و سلم used to spend the last ten days of Ramazaan secluding himself in Masjid in search of Lailatul Qadr. This seclusion is termed as I’tikaaf. It is narrated on the authority of Hazrat Abu Hurairah (RA) who said, “Allaah’s Messenger would make I’tikaaf for ten days in every Ramazaan. But he made I’tikaaf for twenty days in the year he parted from this world”. Therefore, it is Sunnah of the beloved Nabee صلي الله عليه و سلم to perform I’tikaaf during the last ten days of Ramazaan.
Fortunate would be those who appreciate the last ten days of Ramazaan and give these days and nights the true importance they deserve. “Opportunity seldom knocks twice”
I’tikaaf literally means to seclude oneself and technically it refers to secluding oneself with an intention of I’tikaaf in a Masjid where five daily Salaah are performed.
TYPES OF I’TIKAAF
There are three types of I’tikaaf; Waajib, Sunnah and Nafl.
It is an I’tikaaf which a person makes obligatory on himself by making a conditional or unconditional vow.
It is the I’tikaaf performed during the last ten days of Ramazaan. If some people of the locality perform then it will be accomplished from the rest. But if none does then all will be sinful.
There is no specific time for this Nafl I’tikaaf. It can be performed for a short period of time. Therefore, it is desirable to make the intention of I’tikaaf when entering Masjid.
I’TIKAAF FOR WOMAN
A woman can observe I’tikaf at the place where she performs five daily Salaah. If no place is specified for Salaah then I’tikaaf will not be valid. However, if she specifies a place at her home for reading Salaah while performing I’tikaaf then she can perform I’tikaaf at that place provided that she has got her husband’s consent and is not in the state of menstruation and post-natal bleeding.
FACTORS ESSENTIAL FOR I’TIKAAF
Ø To perform I’tikaaf in a Masjid where five daily Salaah are performed in congregation. This condition is only for men. As far as women are concerned, their Masjid is the place where they perform the five daily Salaah.
Ø To make the intention of I’tikaaf
Ø To be clean from major impurities
ACTS NOT PERMITTED WHILE PERFORMING I’TIKAAF
Ø To go out of the place where I’tikaaf is performed without any natural need such the need of toilet or Shari’yee necessity like having Farz Ghusl and going to perform Jumu’ah Salaah when it is not performed in the place where I’tikaaf is made. If one comes out from the place of I’tikaaf for the stated needs then he should go back immediately after fulfilling the same. To leave the place of I’tikaaf even for a moment is not permitted. If some one goes out without any natural or Shari’yee need then his I’tikaaf will be invalid and the Qazaa will be Waajib. Attending funeral Salaah, visiting relatives or sick person, having common bath, smoking and similar things are not considered amongst the Shari’yee or natural needs.
Ø To have sexual relation. Kissing, embracing and all other acts that lead to intercourse are also impermissible in the state of I’tikaaf but these things will not invalidate the I’tikaaf as long as they do not cause ejaculation.
ACTS MAKROOH TAHREEMEE IN THE STATE OF I’TIKAAF
Ø To engage oneself in worldly affairs without any extreme necessity
Ø To keep silent thinking it Ibaadah
ACTS RECOMMENDED WHEN MAKING I’TIKAAF
Ø To recite the Glorious Qur’aan
Ø To perform Nafl Salaah
Ø To engage oneself in Ibaadah and religious activities
ZAKAAT-THE GREAT PILLAR OF ISLAM
Zakaat is one of the five pillars of Islaam and it is an important factor in the Muslim society, ridding it of poverty and establishing consideration of the poor in the hearts of the wealthy. This is the pillar that makes Islaam unique and special because it encourages trade and yet it instills the fervor of generosity in the hearts of the believers. Rasulullaah صلي الله عليه و سلم has been reported to have said that the Zakaat will be taken from the rich and given to the poor. The beauty of the Zakaat is that it is only calculated from excess wealth that is with a person for more than a lunar year. Only 2.5% is taken from the excess wealth and handed over to the poor.
Zakaat in reality means purification. In the Shariah it refers to the purification of one’s wealth from all that was accumulated in a manner that the Shariah does not allow but done unknowingly.
The giving of Zakaat is a means of prevention of calamities befalling our society. Rasulullaah صلي الله عليه و سلم is reported to have said “No nation rejects giving of Zakaat except that Alaah inflicts them with drought.” In another Hadeeth it is narrated by Sayyidina Umar رضي اله عنه that Rasulullaah صلي الله عليه و سلم said, “No loss of wealth takes place except due to holding back your Zakaat.”
As for the Zakaat, its compulsion and how it is to be calculated, these are all mentioned in one beautiful Hadeeth of our beloved Rasool صلي الله عليه و سلم which clearly mentions all these factors. Sayyidina Ali كرم الله وجهه narrated from Rasulullaah صلي الله عليه و سلم, “When you possess 200 Dirhams and a year passes over it then you will give 5 Dirhams (in Zakaat). As for gold there is no Zakaat until it reaches 20 Dinars. When you possess 20 Dinars and a year passes over it then you should take out a half Dinar. Whatever amount you have more will be calculated likewise.” The narrator mentions that he does not know whether the word ‘the calculation will be likewise’ is the statement of Ali or he has mention it as the word of Rasulullaah.” There will be no Zakaat on wealth until a lunar year passes over it.”
The above-stated Hadeeth which has been classified as Saheeh by Imam Bukhaari is a clear proof of the amount to be paid in Zakaat is 2.5 % and not 5 % as some so called scholars claim
WHO IS LIABLE TO PAY ZAKAAT
It is obligatory for every sane, adult and free Muslim/Muslimah to pay the 2.5% of property if he/she possesses the Nisaab, free from his/her initial needs and debt for a whole lunar year whether one possesses the same by one’s own earning, gifts or any other lawful sources.
The amount that makes one liable for Zakaat is called Nisaab. The Nisaab of gold is 7.5 Tolas = 87.48 grams while the Nisaab of silver is 52.5 Tolas = 612.36 grams. The Nisaab of assets other than gold and silver such as merchandise, cash and so on, is the equivalent of that of 612.36 grams silver. Moreover, one who possesses gold less than 87.48 grams or silver less than 612.36 grams but after combining, the value of both becomes equate to the value of either the Nisaab of gold or silver, one will be liable to pay Zakaat.
When a person becomes liable for Zakaat possessing any Nisaab, the Zakaat of the other assets also becomes Waajib whether it reaches the Nisaab or not. For instance, a man who possesses 87.48 grams gold and silver less than 612.36 grams which is not reaching the Nisaab, is liable to pay the Zakaat of gold and silver as well. This is because he has become liable for Zakaat by possessing the Nisaab of gold.
ZAKAAT ON PEARLS AND DIAMONDS
There is no Zakaat on any other metal except gold and silver. Pearls, diamonds or any other precious stones are not subject to Zakaat unless they are for trade.
ZAKAAT ON ANIMALS
Zakaat is also Farz on animals such as cow, buffalos, sheep, goat and so on. The Nisaab of every animal differs from the other. The detail is not stated here.
ZAKAAT ON LOANED AMOUNT
It is not necessary to pay Zakaat before recovering the loaned amount, but after getting it, Zakaat should be paid for the whole period.
ZAKAAT ON AMOUNT DEPOSITED IN BANK
If the person possesses Nisaab then Zakaat will be Waajib on the amount deposited in the Bank.
ZAKAAT ON FACTORY
Zakaat will have to be paid on the products and incomes earned by the factory and not on the land or factory itself, if it has not been purchased for business purpose.
ZAKAAT ON JEWELRY MIXED WITH GOLD AND OTHER METALS
If the quantity of gold exceeds all other metals that the jewelry contains, the jewelry will be regarded as gold and Zakaat will be Waajib on it, if it is equal to the Nisab.
TYPES OF SADAQAH
There are two kinds of Sadaqah; Waajibah and Nafilah.
Waajibah is the Sadaqah, which is necessary to pay such as Zakaat, Sadaqa-e-Fitr and so on, and Nafilah is the one, which is optional like giving money in charity.
RECIPIENTS OF ZAKAAT AND FITRAH
The Glorious Qur’aan mentions eight Masarif-recipients of Zakaat:
Ø Fuqaraa (those who possess more than basic need but do not possess wealth equal to the Nisaab)
Ø Masaakeen (people who are extremely needy to the extent that they are forced to beg for their daily food ration)
Ø Wal-Aamileen (those who are appointed by the Islaamic head of state or government to administer the funds of Zakaat, though they are rich)
Ø Muallafatul Quloob (the category of those whose hearts are to be reconciled in the interest of Faith and Muslims. It includes the rich as well.)
Ø Ar-Riqaab (liberation of slaves and ransoming of the prisoners of war held by the enemy)
Ø Alghaarimeen (those who are heavily indebted and not able to cope on their own)
Ø Fee Sabeelillah (the needs relating to the defense and protection of faith and supremacy of the Word of Allah)
Ø Ibnussabeel (those who are travelers in the view of Shariah and during the course of their journey do not possess basic necessities, though they are rich at home)
The above-mentioned people are the recipients of Sadaqah-e-Fitr and other Waajib Sadaqaat as well.
GIVING ZAKAAT TO NON-MUSLIMS
It is not permitted to give Sadaqa-e-Wajibah to non-Muslims while Sadaqa-e-Nafilah can be given to them. One should not give Sadaqa-e-Wajibah to a person unless one becomes certain that the person is a Muslim. Since, non-Muslims are not amongst the recipients of Sadaqat Waajibah. Therefore, if some body gives Zakaat to a person without being certain that he/she is a Muslim and then comes to know that the person was a non-Muslim, the Zakaat will not be valid and should be paid once again.
ZAKAAT TO NEEDY RELATIVE
It is not only right to give Sadaqah to a needy relative but it also causes double virtue i.e. virtue of Sadaqah and virtue of Silatur Reham (maintaining ties of kinship). But, here are some conditions; one cannot give ‘Zakaat’ and ‘Sadaqatul Fitr’ to one’s father/grandfather, mother/grandmother, son/grandson, daughter/granddaughter and spouse, since they are one’s own family members on whom one has to spend, while one can give to other relatives. It is undesirable to give Zaakat more than Nisaab to one person, but if a person is immersed in debt or is in need of money more than Nisaab then it is not a matter if he is given a big amount of money.
As far as the matter of common charity (Nafl sadaqah) is concerned, one can give it to one’s entire relative regardless of the nature of relationship. Better, give Sadaqah to more than one person especially when it is in larger quantity. But, if the relative is in need he/she can be given big amount of Sadaqah
Sadaqa-e-Fitr is a kind of charity paid on the day of Eid Al-Fitr as recompense of Sawm and a token of thankfulness to Allaah for blessing with a sacred month. It also helps poor and needy people share joy of Eid with their family members. The amount paid for Sadaqa-e-Fitr is half Sa’ of wheat or its flour which is approximately 1.6 grams and complete 2 kilograms as a precaution or its equivalent in cash.
ON WHOM SADAQA-E-FITR IS WAJIB
Sadaqa-e-Fitr is Wajib for every individual, male or female, young or child who possesses Nisaab in any form even if it is clothes, furniture etc free from his/her initial needs and debt on the Day of Eid Al-Fitr.
TIME TO PAY SADAQA-E-FITR
It is better to pay Sadaqa-e-Fitr before leaving for Eid Salah. But if not paid, it must be paid without any delay.
PAYING SADAQA-E-FITR IN RAMAZAAN
If someone pays Sadaqa-e-Fitr during Ramazaan then it is paid and no need to pay it again.
RITUAL OF EID DAY
The following rituals are Sunnah on the day of Eid Al-Fitr:
◊ To get up early in the morning.
◊ To do Miswaak.
◊ To take a bath.
◊ To put on the best available cloths.
◊ To apply Itr—perfume.
◊ To eat something sweet like date before going to the Eid Gaah.
◊ To pay Sadaqa-e-Fitr before leaving for Eid Salah.
◊ To go to the Eid Gaah as early as possible.
◊ To perform Eid Salah in the Eid Gaah.
◊ To walk to the Eid Gaah by one way and return by an other one.
◊ To recite Takbeer ‘اللہ اکبر، اللہ اکبر، لا الہ الا اللہ، و اللہ اکبر، اللہ اکبر، و للہ الحمد’
(Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Laa ilaaha illallahu, Wallahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Wa lillahil Hamd) in a low voice on the way to the Eid Gaah.
METHOD FOR PERFORMING EID SALAH
The method for performing Eid Salah is as follows:
◊ Make an intention to perform two Rakaat Eid Salah behind the Imam with six additional Tabeers.
◊ Raise both the hands up to the ears, palms are towards Ka’ba saying ‘Allahu Akabr’ following Takbeer of Imam. Place both the hands just below the navel holding left wrist with thumb and little finger of the right hand and putting other three fingers on the left hand.
◊ Recite Sana ‘سبحانک اللھم و بحمدک و تبارک اسمک و تعالیٰ جدک و لا الہ غیرک’
(Subhanakallahumma Wabihamdika Wa Tabarakasmuka Wat’ala Jadduka Wa Laailah Ghairuk)
◊ Before reciting Fateha and other Surah, Imam will pronounce Takbeer—Allahu Akbar, three times. Follow the Imam raising hands and putting them on both the sides. After the third Takbeer, put both the hands as you did in the beginning of the Salah.
◊ listen to the Imam when he recites.
◊ Follow the Imam in Ruku’ and Sajdah as you do in other Salah.
◊ In the second RakAat, Imam will pronounce Takbeer thrice before going to Ruku. Follow him raising hands and putting them on both the sides. He will go to Ruku’ pronouncing fourth Takbeer. Follow him pronouncing Takbeer without raising hands and go to the Ruku’.
◊ Other practices of Eid Salah are similar to that of general Salah. The only difference between Eid and other Salah is the additional Takbeers.
EID SALAAH FOR WOMEN
Congregation is necessary for the validity of Eid Salaah while women are not commanded to perform any Salaah in congregation. Therefore, there is no Eid Salaah for women. But they are also recommended to take bath, put on the best dress they have. Since the day of Eid is the day of rejoicing and adoring within the limit prescribed by the Islaamic Shariah. Women can perform two Rakaat Nafil Salaah individually, after the Eid Salah has been performed in the Eid Gaah, as thanks giving to Allaah.
SIX SAWM OF SHAWWAL
Observing six Sawm in the month of Shawwal enjoys a great significance in Islaamic Shariah. The Prophet (SAWS) is reported as to have said, “Whoever observes the Sawm of Ramzaan and follows it with six Sawm of Shawwal, it is as if he has fasted Dahr (the whole year).”
It is not necessary to observe these Sawm continuously from the next day of Eid. These can be observed in any six different days in the month of Shawwal.
WISH ONE ANOTHER ON EID OCCASION
It is permitted to wish one another on the occasion of Eid more preferably with ‘Taqabballahu Minna Wa Minkum’–may Allah accept from you and us, and with other similar words too
Taraweeh is the plural of Tarweehah which literally means relaxation and it refers in Shariah to every four Rakaat of Sunnah performed throughout the month of Ramazaan because of having rest on the completion of each four.
RAKAAT OF TARAWEEH
Taraweeh Salaah consists of twenty Rakaat with ten Salaam. If someone purposely reads four Rakaat with one Salaah then the Salaah will be Makrooh but will be counted four if he sits for Qa’dah on the first two Rakaah. If he does sit except for the final sitting then these four will be counted two.
SITTING AFTER FOUR
It is Mustahaab to sit down and relax after every four Rakaat for the period of performing four Rakaat, if it does not cause inconvenience to the people. Convenience of people should be considered in taking rest. People are free either to perform Nafl Salaah, reading Tasbeeh or remain quiet during this period of rest.
TARAWEEH FOR MAN AND WOMAN
Taraweeh is Sunnah Mu’akkadah for every sane and adult Muslim and Muslimah for the complete month of Ramazaan.
Performing Taraweeh Salaah in congregation is Sunnate Muakkada-e-Kefayah-a Sunnah performed by one for all for man only. Women are not commanded to read any type of Salaah in congregation. It is preferable for them to read Salaah alone. Since the best Masjid for a woman is her home and particularly the closed room of her home where no Ghair Mahram-one to whom marriage is allowed could see her. The Nabee of Allaah ﷺ is quoted as having said: “The best Masjid for women is the dark and closed room of their homes.” A similar Hadith is also narrated from Ibne Masood رضى الله عنه. The Nabee of Allaah ﷺ in another Hadith says: “Woman should cover herself. Whenever she goes, Satan stares at her and being at home, she is nearer to Allaah.”
The Salaah of only women in a house or room where there is no other man except Imam and the women Muqtadee are not accompanied by their Mahram or husbands is Makrooh.
Therefore, it is advisable for a woman to perform Salaah in her home where she is rewarded with more virtues than performing Salaah in congregation in a Masjid or elsewhere.
TIME FOR TARAWEEH
The time for Taraweeh commences after Ishaa Salaah and ends with the break of dawn.
TARAWEEH BEFORE ISHAA
It is not permitted to perform Taraweeh before Ishaa Salaah.
TARAWEEH AFTER WITR
It can be performed either before or after the Witr Salaah though it is preferable to precede Taraweeh by Witr.
REPETITION OF TARAWEEH WITH ISHAA
After performing Ishaa and Taraweeh one happens to repeat the Ishaa for some reason then he has also to repeat the Taraweeh.
MISSING ISHAA JAMA’AH
One comes to Masjid when Ishaa Jama’ah is over and the Jama’ah for Taraweeh is going on then he should first perform Ishaa and then join Taraweeh Jama’ah. If he misses some Rakaat of Taraweeh then he should perform these Rakaat after reading Witr with Jama’ah.
RECITING QUR’AAN IN TARAWEEH
Making one Khatm of the Glorious Qur’aan in Taraweeh Salaah is Sunnah Mu’akkadah and it can not be given up because of the laziness and negligence of people. When people wish to make only one Khatm then it better to recite in a manner that the completion takes place in the twenty seventh night of Ramazaan because of abundant Ahadith reported concerning this night being Lailatul Qadr. However, if people are not interested for the Khatm and there is fear that they will not come for Taraweeh and there will be no Jama’ah then it would be better to recite from the Qur’aan as much as they can bear.
DO NOT LEAVE DUROOD, SANAA AND TASBIHAAT
Sanaa, Tasbeeh of Ruku’ and Sajdah and Durood Shareef in every sitting should be recited and every posture of Salaah should be performed calmly and unhurriedly even these cause inconvenient to the people.
NO QAZAA FOR TARAWEEH
There is no Qazaa for Taraweeh after the time ends.
It is better to perform Witr Salaah with Jama’ah during the month of Ramazaan than performing it individually.
WAITING FOR RUKU’
It is Makrooh to sit and wait to join Imam when he bows down for Ruku’. One should follow the Imam from the first Takbeer of Salaah without making any delay.
PERFORMING TARAWEEH SITTING DOWN
It is Makrooh to perform Taraweeh Salaah sitting down without any valid reason