Assalamuleykum WA Rahmatullahe wa Barakatullah
What is the Islamic position on rights to privacy? Like can you explain privacy rights in Islam?
Several Qur’aanic Aayaah and the Prophetic Ahadith emphasize the rights to privacy. A few basic of these rights are as follows:
1) It is forbidden to spy and inquire about people’s private life and secret affairs. Allaah سبحانه وتعالىsays, “Do not spy”. (Suratul-Hujuraat 49:12)
2) It is not permitted to enter people’s houses without permission. Allaah سبحانه وتعالىsays, “O you who believe! Do not enter houses other than your own unless you have asked permission and greeted those in them; that is better for you, in order that you may remember” (Suratun-Noor 24: 27)
3) It is forbidden to gaze into people’s houses from outside. The Nabee of Allaahﷺ is reported to have said, “If a person looks into your house without your permission, and you throw a stone at him and it puts his eye out, there will be no blame on you”. (Agreed upon)
4) It is forbidden to reveal private meetings and discussions. The Nabee of Allaahﷺ is reported to have said, “Meetings are confidential”.
5) It is a heinous crime in Islaam to reveal any action or saying that takes place between a couple in privacy. Such a person who reveals this privacy has been termed as Dayyoos. It is mentioned is a Hadith recorded by Imam Ahmad and Nasayee that there are three people at whom Allaah will not look with mercy on the Day of Qiyamah, one of them is Dayyoos.