The Hadiths On Not Raising The Hands
We will now present the narrations of various Companions, including those of ibn Umar radiallahu anhu, which state that the Messenger salalahu alayhi wa salam raised his hands for the opening takbir only.
The Hadiths of Abdullah ibn Masud radiallahu anhu
1) Alqama reports that
Abdullah ibn Mas’ud radiallahu anhum said: “Should I not demonstrate the prayer of the Messenger of Allah salalahu alayhi wa salam for you?” He performed th eprayer, and did not raise his hands except at the initial takbir (Sunan al-Tirmidhi 1:59, Sunan al-Nasa’i 1:161, Sunan Abi Dawud 1:116)
Imam Tirmidhi rahimahullah classifies this hadith as sound [hasan]. ‘Allama ibn Hazm rahimahullah classifies it as rigorously authenticated [sahih] (al-Muhalla 4:88), and ‘Allama Ahmad Muhammad Shakir rahimahullah, rejecting the criticism of some scholars, writes in his commentary of Sunan al-Tirmidhi:
“This hadith has been authenticated by Ibn hazm rahimahullah and other hadith masters [huffaz], and whatever has been stated aobut it containing defects is incorrect.
It is mentioned in the al-jawhar al-naqi that its narrators are those of Sahih Muslim (I’la’ al-Sunan 3:45)
2) Alqama reports that
Abdullah ibn Mas’ud radiallahu anhum asked: “Should I not inform you of Allah’s Messenger’s salalahu alayhi wa salam prayer?” He stood up and raised his hands at the outset and did not do so again (Sunan al-Nasa’i 1:158, I’la’ al-sunan 3:48)
3) Alqama narrates from Abdullah ibn Masud radiallahu anhum:
“The Messenger of Allah salalahu alayhi wa salam would raise his hands at the opening takbir, then would not raise them again (Sharh Ma’ani ‘l-athar 224).
4) Abdullah ibn Mas’ud radiallahu anhu relates:
“I prayed with the Messenger of Allah salalahu alayhi wa salam, Abu Bakr, and Umar (Radiallahu anhum). They did not raise their hands except at the beginning of prayer (Nasb al-raya 1:526, Majma’ al-zawa’id 2:101)
Judging from the above hadiths, it can be concluded quite easily that the Messenger salalahu alayhi wa salam did not raise his hands regularly during the course of prayer. Ibn Masud, Ali, and other companions (radiallahu anhum) would never have narrated such reports had they observed the Messenger of Allah salalahu alayhi wa salam and the Caliphs [Khulafa’] regularly raising their hands? It has also been observed that all the narrations of Ibn Mas’ud radiallahu anhu are consistent in that they relate the hands being raised only at the beginning of prayer and not at any other instance.
The Hadiths of Abdullah ibn Umar radiallahu anhu
The following narrations of Ibn umar radiallahu anhu speak of the hands being raised at the opening takbir only.
5) Salim reports that his father (Ibn Umar radiallahu anhum) said:
“I observed that when the Messenger of Allah salalahu alayhi wa salam would begin his prayer, he would raise his hands while levelling them: some say at shoulder level. Thereafter, he would not raise them again before the bowing or after it. Some have added that he would not raise them between the two prostrations [sujud] either” (Sahih Ibn ‘Awana 2:90 U)
In this narration, Ibn Umar radiallahu anhu actually confirms that the Messenger of Allah salalahu alayhi wa salam did not raise his hands at the time of ruku’. Imam Humaydi rahimahullah, the shaykh [teacher] of Imam Bukhari rahimahullah, has also reported this very hadith through his own chain, which is one of the most reliable chains (Musnad al-Humaydi 2:277). It is an agreed upon fact that all of the hadiths of Sahih Ibn Awana, where this hadith is found, are rigorously authenticated [sahih].
6) Salim reports from his father (radiallahu anhum) that the Messenger of Allah salalahu alayhi wa salam would raise his hands to shoulder level when beginning the prayer (al-Mudawwanat al-kubra 2:71 U). Imam Malik rahimahullah rejected raf’ al-yadayn at the time of bowing due to this hadith.
7) Abdullah ibn Abbas and Ibn Umar radiallahu anhuma report that the Messenger of Allah salalahu alayhi wa salam said:
“The hands are to be raised at seven instnaces: at the beginning of prayer, when setting sight on the house of Allah, at safa, Marwa, Arafat, Muzdalifa, and when saluting the black stone (Nasb al-raya 1:521)
In this hadith, there is no mention of the hands being raised at the time of bowing [ruku’].
More to come inshaallah