Taqwa

Taken from ‘Discourses on Islamic Way of Life  Vol8’ By Justice Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani (Hafidullah) (Darul Ishaat)

And for him who fears the standing before his Lord, there shall be two gardens. (Ar-Rahman 55:46)

Assurance Of Two Gardens

  As for the person who fears to stand before his Lord, and fears that one day he will have to stand before Him and account for each of his deeds, there will be two Jannahs for him. Jannah is Paradise or Garden (of paradise).

  In explanation of this verse, the well known successor of the Companions Hazrat Mujahid (rahimahullah alayh) says that the verse refers to that person who gets an evil suggestion and intends to commit a sin but at the same time he thinks of Allah and remember that he will stand before Allah one day so he gives up the idea and abandons the sinful thought. It is for such a person that the assurance is held out for two gardens in Paradise.

It Is Taqwa (Fear of Allah)

  He then explains it in detail. A man is all alone and nobody is there to see him so there is no apparent obstacle to prevent him from commititing a sin. It is there, in the loneliness, that he feels like doing a sinful act. But he tells himself, “although no man can know what I do but my Allah sees me. One day, I will stand before Him.” He then abstains from the act. It is for this man that the two Gardens are promised, and for those like him. The behaviour of this man is called Taqwa (piety, righteousness, God-fearing). Taqwa is defined as “the awe of Allah that prompts man to abandon the most pressing demand of this base desire to sin.” He thinks that although no one watches him the One Who sees all sees him too. The aim of all pious teachings and of Shari’ah is to grow in man the fear that he will have to stand before Allah.

The Greatness of Allah

  Allah does not tell us in this verse that one should fear Hell, or the chastisement, or the Fire,but, He has said that he should fear the standing before his Lord.

  In other words, he should recognise the greatness, the majesty of Allah and he should realize that Allah may or may not punish him against the sin. But, the real question is how would he stand before Him with the sin against his name? If anyone recognises the greatness of someone and esteems and respects him then, even if he knows that he will not punish him, he stands in awe of Him and will not do anything against his wishes lest he have to face Him after doing the wrong. This is taqwa when the attitude is in relation to Allah.

My Respect For My Father

  Except for a couple of times, my father Mufti Muhammad Shafi (Rahmatullahi alayh) never raised his hands over me. I remember her slappe dme once or twice but I held him in such respect and awe that I would tremble when I pass near his room. Why was that? That was because of the fear that he might come to know of my deeds that would displease him. When a man can fear another creature in this manner then it is imperative that he fears and esteems the Creator of the Universe. He must fear and ask himself how he would stand before Him with the record of deeds marking his evils and sins. The verse of the Qur’an tells us about this very thing:

“But as for him who feared the standing before his Lord and restrained (his) soul from caprices.” (An-Naziat 79:40)

The Thing To Fear Is The Wrath of Allah

  Hell and Chastisement are feared because they are signs of the punishment of Allah otherwise we should really fear and esteem the gradness and the majesty of Allah Himself. He Himself is to be feared actually.

There is an arabic Poem. The meaning is: Do not give to drink the water of life while you debase me, but you may give me the bitter juice of colocynth while you honour me.

  Those people who have understood the Reality of Allah crave for His pleasure and keep away from His displeasure. So, they fear Hell and chastisement because they represent His displeasure which itself is really feared.

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com.

Up ↑

%d bloggers like this: