The Shia and the position of the sahaabah in the eyes of the Ahlus sunnah

AS SALAAM ALAIKOM

Respected Sheikh

could you please provide answers to the following allegations of the shias upon some of the SaHabas…

wa jazaakumullah kheyran

According to a Shia Source:

The Shi’ah are devoted to all those Companions of the Prophet Muhammad (s) who were loyal to his teachings in his life and remained so after his death. According to the Sunni view, even those who merely saw the Prophet (s) for a few seconds are called Companions and are considered immune from criticism. This idea is not supported by the Qur’an or historical facts, and has leWalid to legalise praying behind a person who is an open sinner!!
􀂉’Ali al-Qari al-Harawi al-Hanafi, Sharh Fiqh al-Akbar, under chapter ‘it is permissible to pray behind a good person or a wicked person’, p. 90
􀂉Ibn Taymiyyah, Majmu’ Fatawa, (Riyadh, 1381), vol. 3, p. 281

But why not let bygones be bygones?

If we uncover the faults of Companions such as al-Walid, it is not because of any perverse desire to backbite. Rather, it is because Muslims need to be very careful of where they get their information from regarding the tenets of Islam and the sunnah of the Prophet (s).
This can only be determined by paying careful attention to the lives of all the Companions of the Prophet (s), and letting their own deeds speak for their character and trustworthiness.

After all, the Prophet (s) has already warned us:
􀂉”I shall arrive at the Pool before you, and he who passes by me will drink, and whoever drinks from it will never feel thirsty. There will come to me people that I know and they know me, but we shall be separated, then I shall say, ‘My companions’. An answer shall come, ‘You do not know what they did after you’.

Then I shall say, ‘Away with those who changed after me.'”
[Sahih al-Bukhari (English translation), volume 8, book 76, number 585]

The Shi’i View on the Companions The Shi’ah love the sincere Companions of the Prophet (s) who are praised in the Qur’an.

This praise does not cover individuals such as al-Walid bin ‘Uqbah who, despite meeting the Sunni criteria of Companionship, cannot be considered role models or reliable transmitters of the sunnah. The Shi’ah therefore do not believe in the universal integrity of all Companions but examine the history of each Companion to discover his or her adherence to the Prophetic message. Of course there were many such Companions including but not restricted to ‘Ammar, Miqdad, Abu Dharr, Salman, Jabir, and Ibn ‘Abbas. We conclude with an extract from a supplication by the fourth Shi’ah Imam Zayn al-‘Abidin (a) in praise of these noble Companions, may Allah be well pleased with them:

O God, and as for the Companions of Muhammad specifically, those who did well in companionship, who stood the good test in helping him, responded to him when he made them hear his messages’ argument, separated from mates and children in manifesting his word, fought against fathers and sons in strengthening his prophecy, and through him gained victory; those who were wrapped in affection for him, hoping for a commerce that comes not to naught in love for him; those who were left by their clans when they clung to his handhold and denied by their kinsfolk when they rested in the shadow of his kinship; forget not, O God, what they abandoned for Thee and in Thee, and make them pleased with Thy good pleasure for the sake of the creatures they drove to Thee while they were with Thy Messenger, summoners to Thee for Thee. [Imam Zayn al-‘Abidin , Sahifa al-Kamilah, (English translation, London, 1988),d to much of the difference between the two schools of thought A Companion Defined Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalani, the famous Sunni scholar, defined a Companion of the Prophet (s) as a person who met the Prophet Muhammad (s), after having accepted Islam, and died while still being a Muslim. He included in this definition the following:

􀂉all those people who met the Prophet (s), irrespective of the fact whether it was for a long period or a very brief one,

􀂉those who transmitted traditions from the Prophet (s) and those who did not,

􀂉those who fought along with the Prophet (s) and those who did not,

􀂉those who merely saw the Prophet (s) but did not sit in a gathering with him,

􀂉as well as those who did not see him due to any excuse such as being blind.

[Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalani, al-‘Isabah fi Tamyiz al-Sahaba, (Beirut), vol. 1, p. 10]

Were All Companions Just and Truthful?
The Ahl al-Sunnah are unanimous on the issue that all the Companions were just and trustworthy and that they were the best of the ummah. Many Sunni scholars have stated this belief, including:

􀂉Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalani, al-‘Isabah fi Tamyiz al-Sahaba, (Cairo), vol. 1, pp. 17-22
􀂉Ibn Abi Hatim al-Razi, al-Jarh wa al-Ta’dil, (Hyderabad), vol. 1, pp. 7-9
􀂉Ibn al-‘Athir, Usd al-Ghaba fi Ma’rifat al-Sahaba, vol.1, pp. 2-3
This concept is difficult to accept in the light of indisputable evidence to the contrary.

Consider the following example:
􀂉”Az-Zubair told me that he quarrelled with an Ansari man who had participated in (the battle of) Badr in front of Allah’s Apostle about a water stream which both of them used for irrigation. Allah’s Apostle said to Az-Zubair, “O Zubair! Irrigate (your garden) first, and then let the water flow to your neighbor.” The Ansari became angry and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Is it because he is your cousin?” On that the complexion of Allah’s Apostle changed (because of anger) and said (to Az-Zubair), “Irrigate (your garden) and then with-hold the water till it reaches the walls (surrounding the palms).” So, Allah’s Apostle gave Az-Zubair his full right. Before that Allah’s Apostle had given a generous judgment beneficial for Az-Zubair and the Ansari, but when the Ansari irritated Allah’s Apostle he gave Az-Zubair his full right according to the evident law. Az-Zubair said, “By Allah ! I think the following Verse was revealed concerning that case: “But no by your Lord They can have No faith Until they make you judge In all disputes between them.” (4.65)”
[Sahih al-Bukhari (English translation), volume 3, book 49, number 871] According to the Sunni doctrine this Companion of the Prophet (s) would be beyond reproach as an authority on sunnah and his actions would be a model to be followed.

This is despite the fact that this Companion not only refused to accept the judgment of the Prophet (s) but caused him grief resulting in the revelation of the Qur’anic verse.
Unfortunately, Islamic history is replete with many examples of such people who, although they meet the Sunni criteria to be called Companions, behaved in an un-Islamic way. This behavior was exhibited during the Prophet’s (s) life or afterwards or both! Al-Walid bin ‘Uqbah Is he then who is a believer like he who is a transgressor (fasiq)? They are not equal. (Qur’an: Surah al-Sajdah, verse 18) Leading Sunni commentators tell us that the context of the revelation of this verse was an incident whereby the word “believer” referred to Imam ‘Ali b. Abi Talib and the transgressor” (fasiq) refered to a Companion of the Prophet (s) called al-Walid bin ‘Uqba bin Abi Mu’ayt.
􀂉al-Qurtubi, Tafsir, (Cairo, 1947), vol. 14, p. 105
􀂉al-Tabari, Tafsir Jami’ al-Bayan, under commentary for this verse
􀂉Al-Wahidi, Asbab al-Nuzul, (Dar al-Diyan li-Turath edition), p. 291
We have already seen the Qur’anic verse that forbids believers from blindly believing any news transmitted by a fasiq:
O ye who believe! if a wicked person (fasiq) comes to you with any news, ascertain the truth, lest ye harm people unwittingly, and afterwards become full of repentance for what ye have done.
(Surah al-Hujurat, verse 6) It is interesting to note that the exegesis of this verse indicates another incident where the same al-Walid lied about a matter that led to the revelation of this verse declaring him a transgressor (fasiq).
􀂉Ibn Kathir, Tafsir Qur’an al-‘Azim, (Beirut, 1987), vol. 4, p. 224
􀂉al-Qurtubi, Tafsir, (Cairo, 1947), vol. 16, p. 311
􀂉al-Suyuti and al-Mahalli, Tafsir al-Jalalayn, (Cairo, 1924), vol. 1, p. 185
􀂉Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips, Tafseer Soorah al-Hujuraat, (Riyadh), pp. 62-63
As Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips says, “great caution must always be taken when dealing with information conveyed by people of doubtful character, those whose honesty has not yet been proven or by known sinners”. However, we find in the Sunni hadith collections traditions of the Prophet (s) on the authority of al-Walid! See, for example:
􀂉Abu Dawud, Sunan, (1973), Kitab al-Tarajjul, bab fi’l-khuluq li’r-rijal, vol. 4, p. 404, hadith number 4181
􀂉Ahmad bin Hanbal, al-Musnad, awwal musnad al-madaniyyin ajma’in, hadith 15784 Al-Walid’s wickedness did not end during the Prophet’s (s) time. He was appointed governor of al-Kufah by ‘Uthman, the third caliph, where his wickedness continued.
Once he led the morning prayers in a condition of intoxication and prayed four instead of two units. He was subsequently given the punishment on the orders of ‘Uthman. This incident is mentioned in countless sources including some mentioned above, as well as:
􀂉Sahih al-Bukhari (English translation), volume 5, book 57, number 45; volume 5, book 58, number 212
􀂉Al-Tabari, Ta’rikh, (English translation: History of al-Tabari, The Crisis of the Early Caliphate), volume XV, p.120

وعليكم الشلام

Firstly we have to understand who isa “sahaabi” before going into the details of the silly attempt at tainting the honor and status of the sahabah. A person who was fortunate of being in the company of Rasulullaah صلي الله عليه وسلم in the state of imaan is calssified as a “sahaabi’. When we speak of imaan it is not what the shia claim imaan where their utterances oppose their heart’s belief which in reality is nifaaq. Allah has declared in surah baqarah that ” and from amongst the people there are those who claim imaan on ALLAH and the last day but in reality the have bo faith.”2:8 These are the people that claim imaan and in reality they have hate for ALLAH and HIS Rasool صلي الله عليه وسلم . Many an enemy had outwardly declared imaan during the time of our beloved Rasool  صلي الله عليه وسلم like abdullah bin ubayy bin sulool munaafiq. As for the Sahabah رضي الله عنهم , they were but human who erred and made mistakes but they repented for their faults in a manner that ALLAH was pleased with them. This is clear from the incident when the Sahaabah pelted to death a certain Sahaabi who had committed zina and the blood splashed on the clothes of a sahaabi who expressed his disgust and immediately informed him that his repentence was so great that if placed on all the inhabiyants of madina it would have sufficed all of them. Allah has caused the sahaabah رضي الله عنهم to err as a lesson for mankind till the day of qiyaamah.
As for the Ansaari رضي الله عنه who had an arguement with sayyidina zubair رضي الله عنه , he was a badri sahaabi who ALLAH  has declaredby the declaration of Rasulullaah  صلي الله عليه وسلم that the badriyeen are forgiven for their deeds thereafter.
As for the incident of walid bin uqbah رضي الله عن , It is mentioned clearly He did it out oof fear due to the fact that he had a problem with the tribe in jaahiliyyah. They in happiness came out to welcome him and he thought they came to attack him and ran away.This was an error in understanding.
These shia claim the respect those who respected Rasulullaah صلي الله عليه وسلم yet they make tabarra on the khulafaa .They curse the sahaabah especially sayyidina umar رضي الله عنه . Whos fooling who.
And ALLAH knows best.

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2 thoughts on “The Shia and the position of the sahaabah in the eyes of the Ahlus sunnah

Add yours

  1. asalam o alekum,
    I would like to ask you a few questions. Firstly, who do you consider as better companions oh the Prophet (saw), the Sahabas alone or the descendants of the Prophet (saw)?
    by mentioning the word descendants i mean Hazrat Ali (a.s) and his family, which are the 12 Imams. This also includes Hazrat Imam Hussain (a.s), who laid his life and of his beloved, for the cause of Islam. If you do agree that Hazrat Ali (a.s) was a man of honor and respect and held a close relation with Prophet (saw), and that after Prophet (saw) it was Hazrat Ali’s sons who carried forward the message of Islam, how can you grade Shia’s against Islam in any way?
    As long as your thread about Shia kalima is concerned, kufr is performed when you add someone along with Allah’s oneness (nauzibillah) and when you disagree on Hazrat Muhammad (saw) being the last Prophet. Shias have no such beliefs. They do not perform shirk by adding anyone to Allah’s oneness or by claiming Prophet Muhammad(saw) not be the last and the seal of the prophets. Neither have i ever come across a shia who believes Imamat or Hazrat Ali (a.s) to be in any manner superior to risalat or Prophet Muhammad (saw) (nauzibillah). Instead Shias believe that Imamat or Wilayat began after Risalat ended, as Muhammad (saw) is the last Prophet.
    Now coming back to the question, how can u say that Shias have stepped out of the circle of Islam by reciting their Kalima, whereas one enters into the circle of Islam by reciting La ilaha illalaa Muhammad ur rasoollilah. This clearly proves that shias are in noway Kafir or performing kufr as they do not take anyone’s name in place or along with Allah’s. Neither do they claim Hazrat Ali (a.s) to be the prophet in place of Muhammad (saw) (nauzibillah).
    Shia azaan again has nothing that makes them deviate from the path of Islam. Its a misconception of our Ahl e Sunnah brethren that Shias believe Hazrat Ali (a.s) to be better than Prophet Muhammad (saw) or Allah (nauzubillah).
    Hazrat Ali (a.s) was indeed a man of honor and his life was an example of justice and peace. He reflected Prophet’s (saw) qualities and traits in all his deeds and actions and held a very rank and place in Prophet’s (saw) life and heart. He was a man of knowledge and people after Prophet’s demise used to turn to him for their queries and problems. He held such high position that Islam was made to exist till date because of his son’s sacrifice in the battle of Kerbala. Then how can they be wrong who follow His footsteps and look forward to his answers to their problems?
    was salam
    wa alaykumus salaam
    Brother are you aware of the position of the Sahaabah radhiyallahu anhum? Are you aware that the likes of Sayyidina Ali radhiyallahu anhu was a sahaabi? Allah has declared his love for the Sahaabah and have labeled them,” Radhiyallahu anhum wa radhu anhu. “Allah was pleased with them and they were pleased with him.” Definitely the non sahaabah from the ahlul bayt can never equal the dust of the lowest Sahaabi. I hereby qoute certain aayaats of the qur’aan explaining the position of the Sahaabah Radhiyllahu anhum
    [9:100]
    And the first to lead the way, of the Muhajirin and the Ansar, and those who followed them in goodness – Allah is well pleased with them and they are well pleased with Him, and He hath made ready for them Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide for ever. That is the supreme triumph.
    [48:29]
    Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. And those with him are hard against the disbelievers and merciful among themselves. Thou (O Muhammad) seest them bowing and falling prostrate (in worship), seeking bounty from Allah and (His) acceptance. The mark of them is on their foreheads from the traces of prostration. Such is their likeness in the Torah and their likeness in the Gospel – like as sown corn that sendeth forth its shoot and strengtheneth it and riseth firm upon its stalk, delighting the sowers – that He may enrage the disbelievers wiith (the sight of) them. Allah hath promised, unto such of them as believe and do good works, forgiveness and immense reward.
    Did the sahaabah not give their lives for the sake of Islam?
    Were the likes of sayyiduna umar , uthmaan and sayyidina ali radhiyallahu anhum all not made shaheed?
    Islam is based on faith and deeds not relationship and family ties. Therefore Rasulullaaah saaws said “whosoever lacks in deeds , he will not be risen through his relationship.”
    May i ask you a question? Do you believe that sayyidina Ali was a coward? Why did he accept the khilaafah of sayyidina abu bakr, sayyidina umar and sayyidina uthman radhiyallahu anhum if you think he regarded himself as the true khalif? None of the ahlus sunah deny his position as the 4th khalif and also none deny his ilm. Alhamdulillaah!! The sign of the ahlussunnah is to respect the shaikhain(sayyidina abu bakr and umar) and the two son-in-laws(sayyidina uthman and sayyidina Ali). Who denies the ahlulbait? It is the shia that make takfir of the Sahaabah!!!
    All that you deny is clear in the shia books of the likes of kulaini and baaqir majlisi and khomeini. please read your scholars works and abstain from taqqiya(open nifaaq).
    If truthful please mention the shia belief of badaa and their belief of wilaayat in comparison to nubuwat!!!!

    was salaamu alaa manit tabaal huda

  2. Assalamun Aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakatahu,

    All Praise is due to Allah (SWT), and Him alone.

    Before I begin, I invite you to a dialogue on this website if you want. With your permission, I want to make sure some things are clear before you do any more kufr by saying “the non sahaabah from the ahlul bayt can never equal the dust of the lowest Sahaabi”. You have already put yourself in a state of kufr, so InshaAllah do tawbah (sincere repentance) and Allah (SWT) may or may not forgive you. Also, some rules and conditions must apply before we get in this discussion. One rule is that all Ahadith taken out has to be mutawatir (the transmission of the tradition has to be authentic from Sunni and Shia sources). If not, then I will prove Shia Islam through your own “Sihah Sitta” and scholars. No one is doing Taqiyya here brother. Brother, all I have to say is before we begin this discussion, with your permission, remember what Allah (SWT) has said in the Qur’an, from Yusuf Ali translation, (24:40), “Or (the Unbelievers’ state) is like the depths of darkness in a vast deep ocean, overwhelmed with billow topped by billow, topped by (dark) clouds: depths of darkness, one above another: if a man stretches out his hands, he can hardly see it! for any to whom Allah giveth not light, there is no light!” Also, Qur’an 2:6, “As to those who reject Faith, it is the same to them whether thou warn them or do not warn them; they will not believe.”

    InshaAllah take this invitation under consideration.

    Assalamun Aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakatahu

    You are most welcome to discuss here but prior to any discussion i would like the clarification of the issue of bada and wilaayah as per your shia books. Maybe the position of the sahaabah radhiyallahu anhum should also be clarified from your books rather than ours. Why not bring forward the verdicts of your scholars concerning the various issue?
    I think you should explain the belief of bada and imkaanulkhizb minnallaah (na ‘uthobillaah min haadhaa)

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