Q. What is the ruling of Shariah concerning reciting Doord & Salam before & after Azaan?
A. Reciting Durood Shareef is, indeed, a virtuous deed. Allah Almighty asked believers to recite Durood Sharif and send peace and blessings on the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Allah Almighty says in the Glorious Qur’an, “Allah and His angles shower blessings on the Prophet: O believers, you should also send blessings on him and salute him with a worth greeting”. (Suratul Ahzaab: 33/56)
On the basis of the above-mentioned verse, Muslim Jurists are almost agreed that sending peace and blessings on the Prophet (SAWS) is Farz-e-Ain (specific obligation) for every Muslim. Thought the time and number is not fixed for it, it is compulsory to do this virtuous deed at least once in a life time.
Besides, the books of Ahadith abound with the Ahadith that emphasize on sending blessings and peace on the Prophet (SAWS) whenever a Muslim utters or hears the Prophet’s name. Therefore, some Jurists are of the opinion that sending blessings is compulsory whenever one utters or hears the Prophet’s name while the others hold that when the Prophet’s name is repeatedly mentioned in one sitting then sending blessings is compulsory only for the first time and the rest is desirable. This is the opinion adopted by the most of scholars.
As far as the sending Salaat and Salaam before Azaan is concerned, is neither mentioned in the Ahadith nor proved by the practice of the companions (RTA) and their successors (RHT). Had this practice been a virtuous deed, the companions and their successors would certainly have acted upon it. However, reciting Durood Shareef after Azaan is mentioned in the Ahaidh. One should first, recite Durood Shareef and then the Du’aa of Azaan. (Muslim Shareef, Kitabussalat, Babo Badu-Lazan: 1/166) But it should be recited in a soft voice. Since Du’aa and Durood are amongst the Azkaar (remembrance of Allah Almighty) and silence is better in Azkaar. The Glorious Qur’an says, “Call on your Lord with humility and in private: for Allah loves not those who trespass beyond bounds”. (Al-a’raaf: 7/55)
Allah knows best,