Day to day Masaail, Part 7

Haji combines Zuhar & Asr in Arafat

Q. The Hajis who perform prayers in Arafat in the camps, whether alone or in congregation should combine Zuhar and Asr prayers or perform them separately at their prescribed time.

A. There are some conditions to perform Zuhar and Asr Salah combined in Arafat. One of them is Imam (the head of Muslim state) or his Naa-yeb (deputy). And the other condition is Jama’at (congregation). After zenith, the Imam will give two sermons related to the Masail of Hajj and sit between them for a moment as done in the sermons of Juma. Thereafter he will lead Zuhar and Asr Salah combined at the time of Zuhar Salah. (Hadayah 1:224)

Therefore, one who offers Zuhar Salah alone or in a separate congregation in the camp should offer Zuhar and Asr separately at their time. Combining Salah is not permitted in such cases. (Al-Fatawa Al-Hindiyyah 1: 228)

And Allah knows best.

 How should a woman trim her short hair

Q. A woman who has short hair—just below the ears should trim it after Umarh just below bottom part near the scalp or the hair above it—all coming down from the roots.

 A. There are some Wajibat in Umrah. One of them is Halq (to shave the hair) or Qasar (to cut the hair equal to a fingertip from one fourth of head). It is Haram (prohibited) for a woman to shave or cut her hair without any prescribed reason. Therefore, she will do Qasar—cut hair equal to a fingertip from one fourth of her hair. It is better to cut one inch from hair coming down from all the roots but not necessary. (Al-Fatawa Al-Hindiyyah 1: 231)  

And Allah knows best.

 Is Haji Musafir

Q. Should Haji perform Qasr Salah during the whole blessed journey of Hajj?


A. A Musafir (one who travels more than 48 mile distance) has to perform complete four Rakaat obligatory Salah as a Muqeem (dweller) does if the Musafir offers Salah in congregation lead by a Moqeem Imam whether in Masjid Al-Haram or anywhere else. (Qudori 35)

A Musafir will remain as a Musafir unless he intends to stay in a place whether in Madina, Makkah or elsewhere for 15 days or more. If he intends to stay in a place less than 15 days or stays 15 or more without intending the same or he is not sure about his journey then he will offer Qasar Salah in all the places. (Hada-yah1: 141)

Therefore, if a Haji intends to stay in a place for 15 or more days during the Hajj journey, he will perform Hazar—complete Salah. Otherwise he will be considered Musafir and will perform Qasar Salah if the Salah is not performed in congregation lead by a Moqeem Imam.

And Allah knows best.

 Who is apt for Hajj Badal

Q. Who should perform Hajj on behalf of a dead person? Is it necessary to perform Hajj before one performs on behalf of other?

A. A person who is wealthy and unable to perform obligatory Hajj personally should order, immediately, someone or leave a will for his successors to get Hajj performed on his/her behalf. It is correct if the children perform Hajj on behalf of their parents after their death even without their will or permission. The expenses of Hajj-e-Badal should be born by the person on whose behalf the Hajj is being performed or his heirs. The Niyyah for Hajj at the time of putting on Ihraam should be made on behalf of the person on whose behalf the Hajj is being performed. Otherwise, the Hajj will not be considered as Hajj-e-Badal. It is appreciable that the person performing Hajj-e-Badal is such a person who is aware of the Masayeel of Hajj and has already performed his obligatory Hajj.

And Allah knows best.

 Hajj for woman 

Q. Can a woman go alone for Hajj?

A. The obligation of performing Hajj is based on some conditions, which are common for both man and woman. Besides, there are some particular conditions for women only. One of them is the company of Mahrm (one with whom marriage is not allowed forever) or husband whether she is young or old when the journey takes more than three days. The Prophet of Islam (SAW) is reported as having said:

“A man should not get together with a woman in a separate place, and a woman should not travel without her Mahram.” (Mishkaat 221)

According to the Hanfi school of thought, the performing of Hajj is prohibited for a woman who is not accompanied by her Mahram or husband. She should send, without any delay, a person to perform Hajj on behalf of her, or draw up a will for Hajj-e-Badal (performing Hajj on behalf of other) after her death. (Al-binayah 4: 18)

And Allah knows best.

 Leaving Makkah between Umrah and Hajj Q. Is it permissible to leave Makkah between Umrah and Hajj?   

A. There are three kinds of Hajj: Ifraad, Qiraan and Tamattu’.

Ifraad is to put on the special pilgrim garb (Ihram) with the intention of performing only Hajj, and to put on Ihram for performing both Hajj and Umrah together is called Qiraan. Tamattu’ is to perform Umrah first in the months of Hajj (Shawwal, Zul—qa’dah and the first eight days of Zulhijjah) and then perform Hajj with another Ihram in the same year without returning home.

There are some conditions for performing Hajj-e-Tamattu’. One of them is to perform both Hajj and Umrah together with different Ihrams in one journey. So, after accomplishing Umrah in the months of Hajj, if one returns to ones’ home and then comes again to perform Hajj in its particular period, the Tamattu’ will be invalid. But if Mutamatti’ (one who performs Hajj-e-Tamattu’) leaves for home before Tawaf-e-Umrah or after Tawaf-e-Umrah and before shaving head (if man) or cutting hair equal to one inch (if woman) and then comes once again to perform Hajj, the Tamattu’ will be valid. Likewise, after shaving or cutting hair if one goes out of Meeqat even out of Haram, Medina for instance, and then comes back putting on Ihram on the Day of Tarwyah (8th Zul Hijjah) or before with the intention of performing Hajj, the Tamattu’ will be valid and Dam-e- Tamattu’ (sacrifice of animal within the three days of Idul Azha) will be due on him. (Raddul Muhtar Ala Durril Mukhtar 2:212)

And Allah knows best.

 Menses during Hajj journey

Q. What is the ruling of Islamic Shariah regarding a woman who gets her period during the journey of Hajj Attamattu’ and relieves when the time for Hajj commences? Should she perform Umrah before she performs Hajj?


A. Mutamatti’ is a pilgrim who performs Umrah first in the months of Hajj and then shaves or trims hair of head. Thereafter he will stay in Makkatul Mukarramah and put on Ihraam for performing Hajj on 8th of Zulhijjah. Thus, a Mutamatti’ performs Umrah first and then Hajj in one journey with two different Ihraams—one for Umrah and the other for Hajj.

As far as the matter of a woman who intends to perform Hajj Attamattu’ and gets menses after she puts on Ihraam for Umrah is concerned, she will wait for the end of her period to perform Tawaf and Sa’y. This is because, Tawaf is followed by Sa’y and she is prohibited to perform Tawaf in the stated condition. However, if she remains in the same state and relieves when the time for Hajj commences then she will take off the Ihram of Umrah by practising any deed prohibited during Ihram condition such as trimming hair. Thereafter she will put on Ihram for performing Hajj. She has to perform Qaza of the Umrah she left incomplete whether in the same year, after completing Hajj, or in the years to come and sacrifice a goat inside Haram area for breaking the Ihram of Umrah. (Al-ainee 4:382)

And Allah knows best.

 Visisting Rawzah during menses period

Q. Can a pilgrim lady visit the Rawzah and recite Salah and Salam during her menses period?


A. During menses period, women are prohibited to perform Salah, observe Sawm, recite the Glorious Qur’an even a small verse, touch the Lofty Qur’an without cover, enter Masjid, the Ka’bah and to perform Tawaf. Therefore, a woman who is not in the state of performing Salah is permitted to perform all the rituals of Hajj and Umrah save Tawaf. She is also allowed to recite all kind of Du’as even the Du’as narrated from the Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) during this Sacred journey as well as to confer Salah and Salam to the Beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) standing from a distance without committing any other forbidden deeds as generally women do on graveyards such as kissing the grave and prostrating over it, seeking favour from the dead person and asking him to solve difficulties and other similar practices which are not narrated from the Beloved Prophet (SAWS) and His companions (RA). (Maraqilfalah: 512)

And Allah knows best.

 Exposing faces for women in Ihram 

Q. Should women keep their faces open during Ihram condition?


A. Women are commanded to conceal their external adornment and guarding themselves from Ghair Mahram as much as possible even they are asked not to expose their faces and hands where there is fare of Fitnah. Therefore, though they are permitted not to cover their faces and hands up to wrists during Ihram condition, they are ordained to cover the same, if they fare Fitnah, in a way that the covering does not touch the face like cloaks etc. (Raddul Muhtar Alad Durril Mukhtaar 2:205)

And Allah knows best.

 Wearing veil during Ihram

Q. Can a woman wear veil during Ihram condition? 


A. Veil generally touches the face of a woman while she is asked to keep her face open during Ihram condition. Therefore, a woman is not permitted to wear veil during Ihram. She can cover her face, when she fears Fitana, in a way that the covering does not touch the face like cloaks etc. (Raddul Muhtar Alad Durril Mukhtaar 2:205)

And Allah knows best.


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