Day to day Masaail, Part 6

Significance of last Asharah

Q. Do the last Asharah—ten days of Ramadan enjoy any significance in Islamic Shariah 

A. Generally Lilatul Qadr—the night of power, which is better than a thousand months, falls on one of the odd nights of the last Asharah of Ramadan. This is the reason the Prophet (SAWS) used to devote himself more intensively in worship during the last Asharah of Ramadan and   recommended others for the same. It is narrated on the authority of Hazrat Ayesha (RA) that with the commence of the last Asharah of Ramadan, the Apostle of Allah (SAWS) used to tighten his waist belt, pray all the night and keep his family awaken for the prayers. (Sahih Al-Bukhari) Therefore, the last Asharah of Ramadan enjoys more significance than the first and middle Asharahs.  And Allah knows best.  

Significance of Lilatul Qadr

Q. What is the significance of Lilatul Qadr? Does it fall on 27th of Ramadan?

 A. The books of Ahadeeth abound with the virtues and significance of Lilatul Qadr—night of power. This night is better than a thousand months in spiritual worth and blessing. The Glorious Qur’an says, “We have indeed revealed this (message) in the night of power: and what will explain to thee what the night of power is? The night of power is better than a thousand months. Therein come down the angels and the Spirit by Allah’s permission, on every errand: Peace! This until the rise of morn!” (Suratul Qadr 97:1-5)

Ulama differ from each other to verify the night of Qadr. But they are almost agreed on the point that the night occurs in the last Asharah of Ramadan and probably in one of the last five odd nights. Some commentators, on the basis of the Hadeeth narrated by Zira Bin Hubaish, believe that the 27th night of Ramadan is the night of power. This view is also supported by the experiences of many men of spiritual vision and comprehension. But the Prophet of Islam (SAWS) never fixed a particular night. It was therefore, the practice of the Prophet (SAWS) and his companions (RA) to observe I’tikaaf and confine themselves in the mosque for the whole last Asharah of Ramadan.

Had the night of power been fixed people would have devoted themselves to prayer and worship only at that night. But Allah Almighty, by keeping it secret, wants to test the bondsmen. The eager one will spend all the nights of the Asharah of Ramadan in prayer and supplication. The gaining of Lilatul-Qadr in that case is certain. It is narrated on the authority of Hazrat Anas (RA) that the Prophet of Islam (SAWS) said, “When Lilatul-Qadr comes, Gabriel descends in the company of angels and prays for mercy of the bondsman who is engaged in the worship and remembrance of Allah, standing or sleeping”. (Baihaqi)

 And Allah knows best.

 Ritual of Eid Day

Q. What are the rituals one should perform on the day of Eid Al-Fitr?

 A. The following rituals are Sunnah on the day of Eid Al-Fitr:

To get up early in the morning.

To do Miswak.

To take bath.

To put on the best available cloths. 

To apply Itr—perfume. 

To eat something sweet like date before going to the Eid Gaah. 

To pay Sadaqa-e-Fitr before leaving for Eid Salah.

To go to the Eid Gaah as early as possible. 

To perform Eid Salah in the Eid Gaah.

To walk to the Eid Gaah by one way and return by the other.

To recite Takbeer ‘اللہ اکبر، اللہ اکبر، لا الہ الا اللہ، و اللہ اکبر، اللہ اکبر، و للہ الحمد’ (Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Laa ilaaha illallahu, Wallahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Wa lillahil Hamd) in a low voice on the way to the Eid Gaah.  

And Allah knows best.

 Method for performing Eid Salah

Q. How to perform Eid Salah?  

A. The method for performing Eid Salah is as follows:

Make an intention to perform two Rakat Eid Salah behind the Imam with six additional Tabeers.

After the Imam has pronounced ‘Allahu Akbar’ raise both the hands up to the ears, palms are towards Ka’ba saying ‘Allahu Akabr’ and place them just below the navel holding left wrist with thumb and little finger of the right hand and putting other three fingers on the left hand.

Recite Sana ‘سبحانک اللھم و بحمدک و تبارک اسمک و تعالیٰ جدک و لا الہ غیرک’

(Subhanakallahumma Wabihamdika Wa Tabarakasmuka Wat’ala Jadduka Wa Laailah Ghairuk)

Before reciting Fateha and other Surah, Imam will pronounce TakbeerAllahu Akbar, three times. Follow the Imam raising hands and putting them on both the sides. After the third Takbeer, put both the hands as you did in the beginning of the Salah.

listen to the Imam when he relicts. 

follow the Imam in Ruku’ and Sajdah as you do in other Salah.

in the second Rakat, Imam will pronounce Takbeer thrice before going to Ruku. Follow him raising hands and putting them on both the sides. He will go to Ruku’ pronouncing fourth Takbeer. Follow him pronouncing Takbeer without raising hands and go to the Ruku’.

Other practices of Eid Salah are similar to that of general Salah. The only difference between Eid and other Salah is the additional Takbeers.

And Allah knows best.

Definition of Sadaqa-e-Fitr

Q. What is Sadaqa-e-Fitr?

A. Sadaqa-e-Fitr is a kind of charity paid on the day of Eid Al-Fitr as recompense of Sawm and a token of thankfulness to Allah for blessing with a sacred month. It also helps poor and needy people share joy of Eid with their family members. The amount paid for Sadaqa-e-Fitr is half Sa’ of wheat approximately 1.769 grams and complete 2 kilograms as a precaution. If barely or its flour is paid for Sadaqa-e-Fitr, it should be double of the quantity of wheat.  (Fatawa Al-Hindiyah 1: 191) It is much better to pay the market cost of the prescribed quantity of wheat or barely. 

And Allah knows best.

 Time to pay Sadaqa-e-Fitr 

Q. When Sadaqa-e-Fitr should be paid?  

A. It is better to pay Sadaqa-e-Fitr before leaving for Eid Salah. But if not paid, it must be paid without any delay.  And Allah knows best.  

On whom Sadaqa-e-Fitr is Wajib  

Q. Who is entitled to pay Sadaqa-e-Fitr?

A. Sadaqa-e-Fitr is Wajib for every individual, male or female, young or child who possesses Nisab—gold 7.5 Tolas = 87.48 grams, silver 52.5 Tolas = 612 grams or its equivalent in cash or kind, in any form even it is clothes, furniture etc free from his/her initial needs and debt on the Day of Eid Al-Fitr.

And Allah knows best.

 Eid Salah for women

Q. Should women perform Eid Salah in congregation or individually? 

A. Congregation is necessary for the validity of Eid Salah while women are not commanded to perform any Salah in congregation. (Shami1: 410) Therefore, there is no Eid Salah for women.   But they are also recommended to take bath, put on the best dress they have. Since the day of Eid is the day of rejoicing and adoring within the limit of Islam. Women can perform two Rakat Nafil Salah individually, after the Eid Salah has been performed in the Eid Gaah, as thanks giving to Allah.     And Allah knows best.  

 Wish one another on Eid occasion

Q. Is it permitted to wish one another on the occasion of Eid? 

A. Yes, it is permitted to wish one another on the occasion of Eid more preferably with ‘Taqabballahu Minna Wa Minkum’–may Allah accept from you and us, and with other similar words too. (Raddul Mukhtar Ala Durril Mukhtar 1:777)  And Allah knows best.  

Definition of Qaza and Kaffarah

Q. What do the terms Qaza and Kaffarah of Sawm stand for?

A.  Qaza of Sawm means to observe another Sawm in order to make up for the one that was broken.

Kaffarah of Sawm is to fast for another sixty days continuously. One who is unable to observe Sawm may feed sixty poor people for two meals.

And Allah knows best.

Six Sawm of Shawwal

Q. What is ruling of Islamic Shariah regarding the six Sawm observed in the month of Shawwal?

A. Observing six Sawm in the month of Shawwal enjoys a great significance in Islamic Shariah. The Prophet (SAWS) is reported as to have said, “Whoever observes the Sawm of Ramadan and follows it with six Sawm of Shawwal, it is as if he has fasted Dahr (the whole year).” (Bukhari)

These Sawm may be observed from the next day of Eid continuously or in any six different days in the month of Shawwal.

And Allah knows best.

 

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