La ilaha illallah!

Bismillah

Taken from ‘Faza’il-e-A’maal’ by Mawlana Muhammad Zakariyya kaandhlawi (rahimahullah) (Zam Zam Publishers)

Kalimah Tayyibah, which is also called Kalimah Tauheed (utteranec of unity), has been mentioned in the Qur’an and the hadith far more frequently than anything else. Since all the saints and prophets alayhum salam had been sent specifically with the primary aim of propagating the unity of Allah, its excessive mention an well be understood. In the Holy Qur’an, this Kalimah has been referred to by various names and in different context. It has been referred to as Kalimah Tayyibah (excellet utterance), firm statement, utterance of piety, key of heaven and earth, etc.  as will be found in the Qur’anic verses given in the following pages. Imaam Ghazaali rahimahullah has written in his book Ihyaa that it is kalimah at-tawheed, utterance of sicnereity, utterance of piety, excellent utterance, strong rope, call of truth, price of paradise.

As this kalimah has been mentioned in various contexts in the Holy Qur’an, this chapter is divided into three parts. The first part includes those verses wherein the words of Kalimah Tayyibah do not occur, although it is implied therin. Each verse is follwoed by a brief explanation, as given by the Sahabah and by Rasulullah sallahau alayhi wa salam himself.

The second part consist of those verses which contain the text of Kalimah Tayyibah i.e. la illaha ilallah in full, or slightly modiefied, such as la illaha ila huwa. As the words of the kalimah occur in these verses, their translation has not been considered necessary. Only the surah and ruku, in which the ayat occurs, has been indicated. The third part includes the translation and explanation of those ahaadith that describe the virtues and importance of this kalimah.

Whatever has been done is merely through Allah’s grace.

Part 1

This contains those ayaat in which the words of Kalimah Tayyibah do nto occur although it is implied therin:

“Seest thou not how Allah explains through a parable. Good words are like a good tree that is firmly rooted and its branches reach the sky. It brings fruit at all times, under order from its Lord. so Allah explains through parables for men that they may take heed. The parable of evil words is like an evil tree. it is torn up by the root from the surface of the Earth. It has no stability.”

Note: Hadhrat ibn abbas radiallahu anhu has explained that the words “Kalimah Tayyibah” in this ayat mean the Kalimah Shahaadat ‘Ash hadu ala illaha illallah’

which is like a tree with its roots in the hearts of the faithfull and its branches spread out up to heaven, by means of which the deeds of the faithful climb up to heaven; and the (ugly utterance) is the utterance of Shirk, which prevents any good deed from being accepted. In another hadith, it is stated by ibn Abbas radiallahu anhu that “bearing of fruit all the time” means that almighty Allah be remembered day and night.

It was narrated by Hadhrat Qataadah rahimahullah that somebody had said to Rasulullah sallaahu alayhi wa salam, “The rich are able too earn great rewards (by virtue of spending their wealth in charity)”. Rasulullah salalahu alayhi wa salam replied: “Tell me if anybody can reach the sky by piling up his goods one over the other. I tell you of something, which has its roots in the Earth and its branches spread out in the heaven. It is the reitation of the kalimah: “la illaha illallah, wallahu akbar, subhanallah, walhamdulilah  ten times each after every salaat.

“Whosoever desires glory and power (should know) that glory and all powers belong to Allah: Unto Him good words ascend and He exalts all righteous deeds.”

According to the majority of commentators, the Kalimah Tayyibah in this ayat means la illaha illallah, but some are of the opinion that it implies the kalimah of tasbeeh(glorification), as will be described in part 2.

“The word of thy Lord find its fulfilment in truth and in justice.”

According to Hadhrat Anas radiallahu anhu, rasulullah sallaahu alayhi wa salam had said that the kalimah of the Lord means the Kalimah, la illaha illallah. But many commentators are of the opinion that it means the Holy Qur’an.

“Allah will confirm those who believe in words that stand firm, in this world and in the hereafter, and Allah sends wrong doers astray. Allah does what He wills.”

Hadrat Baraa radiallahu anhu stated that rasulullah salalahu alayhi wa salam had said, “At the time of interrogation in the grave, a muslim bears witness to la illaha illallah muhammadan rasulullah (sallahu alayhi wa salam) and this is meant by the words (firm statement) in this ayat. Hadhrat Aai’sha radiallahu anha also corroborated that it refers to the interrogation in the grave. Hadhrat ibn abbas radiallahu anhu said, “When a muslim is about to die, the angels alyhum salam come to him, greet him, and convey the glad tidings of paradise; after his death, they accompany him and join his funeral prayerl and after he is buried, they make him sit up when, in the grave, questioning starts. He replies

“Ash hadu anla illaha illallah wa ash hadu anna muhammadan rasulullah”

I bear witness that there is nobody worthy of worship excet Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah (salalahu alayhi wa salam).

This is what is implied in this ayat.”

Hadhrat Abu Qatadah radiallahu anhu also said that (firm statement) refers to the Kalimah Tayyibah in this life, and the itnerrogation in the grave after death. Hadhrat Taa’oos rahimahullah also gave the same interpretation.

To be continued inshaallah

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